Question by Yantong: Could you help to correct my essay, in the aspects of grammar, coherence, content, vocabulary and logic?
The topic is: Governments, instead of private companies, should be responsible for conducting scientific research. To what extent do you agree?
Here is my essay.
Scientific research is the base of technological developments which has significant impacts of the life of human beings. While conducting such researches always involve in huge human resource and financial support, so whether these scientific activities should be in charge by governments or the private companies are still open for debate.
Obviously, governments should contribute to researches. Most of scientific researches are on a long term run and cost vast money and time. In some cases such as the research of genes, the input is very huge while the result and benefits of them can not be achieved over a hundred year. It is impossible to rely on other organization devoting to this kind of research activity constantly without any incomes but on the ones supported by governments.
However, reaching the conclusion that governments should be responsible for science development is not the same as ignoring the dedication of private companies. In fact, private companies have been contributing to the development of science, although they are keen on some more applied and economic aspects, and we have large number of evidences already on our daily life basis. The area of computer science developing, for example, is currently dominated by several famous companies. Those enterprises provide funding support, input human forces, train young researches, and the effort of these is effective and remarkable.
In conclusion, it is no doubt that governments have the main responsibility of technological or scientific research while the contribution of companies cannot be denied. Some pure theory research can be afforded by government institutes, and in terms of the domain of technical science, privacy companies could be contributed, or governments and companies could cooperate together.
Answer by WISE OWL
Scientific research is the source of technological developments which have a significant impact on the life of human beings. Carrying out such research always involves a huge amount of human resources, technical and financial support, so it is still an open debate as to whether these scientific activities should be subsided by governments or by private companies.
Obviously, governments should contribute to research. Most scientific research is a long term project and will cost vast amounts of money, and requires to be carried out over years rather than months. In some cases, such as that of the research into genetics, the input is huge, whilst the definitive results and benefits cannot be achieved in less than a hundred years. It is impossible to rely on other organisations devoted to this kind of research or activity and expect them to carry on constantly without any income unless they are supported by governments.
However, reaching the conclusion that governments should be responsible for scientific development is not the same as ignoring the dedication of private companies. In fact, private companies have been contributing to the development of science, although they are keen on more applicable and economic aspects, and, in our daily life, we already have a great deal of evidence to this fact. The area of development of computer science, for example, is currently dominated by several famous companies. Those enterprises provide financial support and an input of human forces; they train young researchers, and the effort which they put into all this is effective and remarkable.
In conclusion, there is no doubt that whilst the contribution of privately owned companies cannot be denied, governments have the main responsibility for technological or scientific research. Some pure theory research can be financed by governments through national research programmes, and in terms of technical science, private companies can also make a valuable contribution, but governments and companies should harmonise their research programmes and cooperate together.
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